Majid Mohammadian, Ph.D., P.Eng. Associate Professor Department of Civil Engineering University of Ottawa 161 Louis Pasteur, CBY A114 ,Ottawa,
Ontario, Canada, K1N 6N5 Tel: (613) 5625800ext 6492, Fax:
(613) 5625173 Email: majid.mohammadian@uOttawa.ca 

Research on Renewable Energy 

My research on renewable energy focuses on exploring novel approaches using numerical and experimental methods and includes the following items:
1.
Geothermal Energy
a.
Deep Geothermal Energy Systems
b.
Shallow Geothermal
Energy Systems
2.
Hydrokinetic/Tidal Energy with
Venturi Effect
3.
Phasechange heat storage for
SolarThermal Energy Systems
Deep
Geothermal energy systems
Students: Nikhil
Manikonda
Supervisor: Majid
Mohammadian
Geothermal power is an important source of clean and renewable energy. My research deals with the study of deep geothermal power plants for the generation of electricity. The main feature of the system is the employment of side channels to increase the amount of thermal energy extracted. A threedimensional finite difference computer model is developed to solve the heat transport equation. The numerical model is employed to evaluate the effective system lifetime as a function of various parameters such as thermal diffusivity of the rock, depth of the main well, and number and length of side channels. The sustainable lifetime of the system for a target output power of 2 MW is calculated for deep geothermal systems and economic feasibility of the system for a practical range of geothermal parameters is evaluated. Results show a promising outlook for deep geothermal systems for practical applications.


Figure 1: Left:
schematic showing the system model, Right: 3D
view of the main well and side channels (side and top views) 


Figure 2: Typical simulation result where colours show the
temperature field. Heat pipes are identified by the light blue colour. 
Figure 3: Typical power generation following the demand curve with respect to time 



Figure 4:
System life time versus the depth of the main well with six side channels and
total drilling depth of 10,000 m 
Figure 5:
System lifetime with respect to the distance between channels for a
geothermal gradient of 550C/km and a total drilling depth of 10,000m 
Figure 6:
Optimal lifetime with respect to thermal diffusivity for total depth of
10,000m for various geothermal gradients (shaded region shows the
economically unfeasible area) 
Shallow
geothermal energy systems
Student:
Ali
Ghoreishi (McGIll)
Supervisor:
Ferri
Hassani (McGIll)
Collaborators:
Majid
Mohammadian (uOttawa), Peter Radziszewski (Mcgill)
This project deals with design and optimization of geothermal energy systems for mines. Relevant information could be found in the following papers:
1. Ghoreishi A., Hassani F., Mohammadian A., Radziszewski P., A study into extraction of geothermal energy from tailings ponds. Accepted in International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment. (Taylor & Francis)
2. Ghoreishi A., Hassani F., Mohammadian A., Radziszewski P., A transient natural convection heat transfer model for geothermal borehole heat exchangers. Accepted in Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy. (American Institute of Physics).
3. Ghoreishi A, Hassani F., Mohammadian A., Radziszewski P. (2011), ‘An assessment of thawing in frozen rocks of backfilled underground mines’, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 48, 7, 1068–1076. (Elsevier)


Illustration of
borehole heat exchanger tubes, borehole fill material, and porous ground
medium 
Tube cell and its
surrounding control volume 

Underground water velocity in the mid
plane of a multiple borehole heat exchanger
after 10 years of operation 
Hydrokinetic/Tidal Energy
with venturi effect
Student:
Derek Foran
Supervisor:
Majid
Mohammadian
Cosupervisor:
Ioan
Nistor
The objective of this project is optimal use of venturi effect in order to maximize energy from water flow. The project includes both threedimensional numerical modeling and laboratory experiments for optimization of such system.
Topdown view
of the Tidal Acceleration Structure with generalised flow paths


Boundary
conditions 
Water elevation surrounding the system (topdown view) 
Phasechange heat storage for
SolarThermal energy systems
Student:
Xin
Liu
Supervisor:
Majid
Mohammadian
Cosupervisor:
Julio
Angel Infante Sedano
Storage of solar energy for the use at night is a challenging issue. One of the methods used in practice is to use latent heat and store energy in reservoirs of molten salt. The objective is this project is optimal design of phasechange heat storage systems and estimation and minimization of heat loss in such systems.


Grid used for simulation of pipes 
Temperature field 
Grid used for Prediction of Reservoir heat loss


Velocity field around reservoir 
Temperature field around reservoir 